Archive for the ‘Social Science’ Category

IndiaIndia is a unique country as it is easily accessible to other part of Asia, Africa, Europe and Americas. Its cultural influences have crossed its border from time immemorial and reached far of lands. It acts as a bridge between developed and developping countries of the world and between the east and the west.
The sub-continent is isolated in a remarkable way from the rest of Asia making it a geographical unit. For example, barring the plateau of Baluchistan, the two great ranges, namely, the Sulaiman and the Kirthar, cut it off from the west. Along the north the great mountains wall formed by the Hindu kush, Karakoram, and the Great Himalayas cut it off the countries that lie beyond as the mountains are very high and difficult to cross. Similarly, the southward offshoots of the eastern Himalayas seperate it from Myanmar. Also, in the east, lies Bangladesh bounded by Indian statesof West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. In the north-west, Afghanistan and Pakistan share border with India. The Gulf of Mannar and the Palk strait separate us from Srilanka in the southernmost end.
Our country is of a vast size and measures about 3,214 kilometers from north to south and about 2,933 Kilometers from west to east.
India’s strength lies in it’s geography as much as in it’s culture. Since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the distance between India and Europe has been reduced by 7000 kms. India enjoys favourable ocean routes from east and south-east Asia and Australia to Africa and Europe pass through Indian Ocean. It is connected with the cape of Good Hope and the Suez Canal. One can also reach canada and the USA through the Strait of Malacca after crossing the Pacific Ocean.
The geography of India is diverse and can be divided in to three main regions. The first is the rugged, mountainsous Himalayan region in the northen part of the country, while the second is called the Indo-GanageticPlain. It is in this region that most of India’s large-scale agriculture takes place. The third geographic region in India is the plateau region in the southern and central portions of the country. India also has three major, river systems which have large deltas that that take over a large portions of the land. These are the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. Our country’s climate is also varied, but is tropical in the south and mainly temperate in the north. The country also has a pronounced monsoon season from June to September.
The diverse landscape and its vastness have made it a ‘sub-contient’. Safeguarded in the northe-eastern region by the lofty mountains, Thar Dessert in the west, the Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea in the west coast, and Bay of Bengal in the east coast; makes India a unique country amongst the other Asian countries. Our country is an amalgam of almost all the landforms projecting its uniqueness and has aided in the trade and commerce since olden times. Moreover, the rivers, lakes, deserts, and forests and its tropical climate have only added to its richness.